2017 Phase 01: Research

Phase 01: Research

1. Learn to use a range of 3d printing software, machines and processes.
2. Execute simple 3d printed details in multiple materials
3. Complete a survey of technologies past, present, future from a range of disciplines. 

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Part 1. Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer

During class we will do a hands-on 3d printing software and hardware demo. Most of the info we will cover today can be found on the Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer Wiki

Homework 1

Complete the tutorials that are linked on the Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer Wiki called Tutorial: Grasshopper > Rhino > Makerware Meshes

You should change / alter / hack the design so that you are doing something unique. Please come to the 2/6 class with three small 3d printed bricks with the approximate dimesnions of 2” x 2” x 2” tall PLA.

Materials: Please purchase 2 roles of PLA 1.75 mm filament –  (here are the Adafruit or the eBay link)

 

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Part 2. Reading / Research

Begin research into history of 3d Printing in general, the 3d printing within Architecture. Prepare two 11x17 PDF slides of examples that are of interest to you. One should be from outside architecture, one should be from Architecture.

A few resources:
1. https://individual.troweprice.com/staticFiles/Retail/Shared/PDFs/3D_Printing_Infographic_FINAL.pdf
2. https://3dprintingindustry.com/3d-printing-basics-free-beginners-guide/history/
3. https://www.dezeen.com/2013/05/21/3d-printing-architecture-print-shift/


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2017 Syllabus > 3d Printing & Additive Manufacturing in Architecture

SYLLABUS --- ARCHT-570/670
Instructor: Jason Kelly Johnson (jjohnson2@cca.edu) 
Mondays 12:00PM - 2:50PM
SF Main Campus, Room S1 Digital Craft Lab

3d Printing and Additive Manufacturing in Architecture >>> 2017 Syllabus PDF Download

CCA Archt 570670 2017.PNG

“The joint, that is the fertile detail, is the place where both the construction and the construing of architecture takes place.”  - Marco Frascari, “The Tell-the-Tale Detail”

“Workmanship engaged us with both functional and aesthetic qualities. It conveys a specific relation between form and content, such that the form realizes the content, in a manner that is enriched by the idiosyncrasies of the medium.” – Malcolm McCullough, “Abstracting Craft: The Practiced Digital Hand”

“I think the combination of robotic construction and 3D printing is the future of the building industry. It gives the architect more freedom to invent. The ideas that right now are killed, by the argument that it costs too much or it takes too long, will be not killed anymore.” –Architect Wolf Prix, Coop Himmelb(l)au

The seminar will explore the theoretical and technical implications of 3d Printing and Additive Manufacturing in the world of architecture, design and digital craft. Special emphasis will be placed on exploring speculative techniques related to design and computation, emerging computer-aided-manufacturing techniques and material explorations. In 2017 we will explore a variety of applications and scales with an emphasis on exploring parametric modular assemblies for the production of parametric screens and walls assemblies, with potential forays into arches and domes. 

We will explore the intersections of 3d printing technologies with traditional and contemporary modeling and fabrication techniques including but not limited to:

  • Tiles: Methods for creating geometric tiling, tessellation and other subdivision patterns in 2D and 3D.
  • Bricks: Procedures for stacking and interlocking variable modular spatial units.
  •  Cells: Alternative methods to create cellular aggregations through packing, swarms, and other generative techniques to create maximal optical or material effects.
  • Optimization: processes for structural force-flow optimization; efficient material, fabrication and human and/or machine assembly methodologies

As a beginning point we will explore case studies from the natural world including constructions created by animals and insects, and also naturally occurring examples occurring in the physical world like crystals, bubbles and sand dunes. We will ultimately seek to transform their underlying parameters – both software and hardware – to create new spatial and material assemblies.  

What are the new possibilities opened up by 3d printing? How will these technologies change how we think, theorize and make architecture in the future? What are the aesthetic, social, cultural, ecological implications? What is the future of the architectural detail in the age of 3d printing and additive manufacturing? 


The seminar will be organized into three distinct phases:

Phase 01: Research (3 wks) 
- learn to use a range of 3d printing software, machines, processes
- explore a range of case studies and format research into pamphlet form
- execute simple 3d printed details in multiple materials

Phase 02: Experimentation (3 wks) 
- explore work flows to create cellular construction
- invent and iterate through multiple design possibilities
- establish research agenda to structure Synthesis phase  
- execute multiple 3d printed details in multiple materials using generative techniques

Phase 03: Synthesis (6+ wks) 
- work with a partner to develop an ambitious final project that deepens and expands Phase 1+2 research and experimentation. 
- execute 3d printed artifacts and drawings for final seminar exhibition. Each group will be responsible for printing a ~4’ x 6’ final artifact. The size, material, and orientation of the frame will be consistent across groups. 
- complete drawings and text illustrating the process and concept, format into pamphlet

Software

Focus: Algorithmic and Generative Architectures, Minimal Surface structures, Radiolaria, Growth patterns in organic lifeforms, Aggregate forms, Gradients, Experimental Design Interfaces, Lattice Structures, more

Makerbot Desktop: http://www.makerbot.com/desktop
Replicator G Open Source: http://replicat.org/
Grasshopper3d + Grasshopper Primer: http://grasshopperprimer.com/en/index.html
Project Silkworm for Grasshopper: http://projectsilkworm.com/
Paneling Tools for Grasshopper: http://www.grasshopper3d.com/group/panelingtools

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Hardware

Focus:
Machine Processes, Open Source Machines, Hacking, Deposition, more

Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printers: http://www.flashforge-usa.com/creator-pro/
(You will have access to these 3d printers in the Digital Craft Lab)
                           See of shared Wiki: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1QyVrPs7Zzi1IckhOXC62KHLHmag4AneNtmri7MPXvrE
Makerbot Replicator Mini: http://www.makerbot.com/
(You will have access to these printers in the Digital Craft Lab)

Linear Ram Extruder: http://www.deltabots.com/products/3d-clay-extruder
(You will have access to this clay extruder to be used in conjunction with DCL Gantry)

Rapid Prototyping Studio 3d Printing Resources:
https://www.cca.edu/about/administration/studio-resources/rps
(You can submit file to be printed on CCA’s ZCorp and Objet 3d Printers)

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Materiality

Focus: Material Science, Phase Transitions, transformations, multi-materiality opportunities, Scale, Strength to Weight, Sustainability, Fiber, more

Plastics, Polymers, Clay, Concrete, Metal, Wood, Glass, Carbon Fiber

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Misc Resources

Focus: New Business Models, File Sharing, Intellectual Property, Mass Customization, more

3d Object Repository: http://www.thingiverse.com/
Commercial 3d Printing – fast and cheap: http://www.shapeways.com/
Commercial 3d Printing – fast and cheap: https://www.ponoko.com/

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Grading and Attendance:

You will primarily be graded on the level and quality of your participation in studio activities including discussions, workshops and field trips. You will be asked to complete weekly assignments and participate in all informal pinups and formal reviews. The assessment of letter grades will be calculated as follows:

(25%) Class Discussions, Participation, Attitude
(25%) Midterm Progress
(50%) Final Project and Presentation; final documentation submission

Definition of Grades: A = outstanding achievement—significantly exceed standards; B = commendable achievement—exceeds standards; C+ = minimum acceptable achievement—meets standards; C or D = below standards; F = failing

Strict Attendance Policy: All scheduled class meetings are mandatory. If you miss more than two seminar sessions you will be given the letter grade F without exception. Nevertheless, if you are going to be late, or need to miss a session due to illness or misfortune, simply contact me!

3/28/2016 Projects Update

01: Re-Bundling Mies
Project / architect: Federal Center, Chicago / Mies Van der Rohe
Students: Antonio Carlos De Quadros and Frederico Leite Goncalves

Description: Based on 3d printing the main structure and facade all together. We are experimenting with precision (structure) and accident (facade) for light and wind filtering.

Keywords: Column, Beam, Skin, Transparency, Structural lines, Bundling, Accident.


02: Coppice
Project / Architect: National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo / Le Corbusier (1957)
Student Team Names: Jin Shen and Gloria Asaba Kiiza

Description: Coppice is a column that takes on a growth pattern like in organic life forms to help in its performance. Like most living things rely on a collection of atoms to make them structurally sound, coppice relies on a collection of smaller columns that combine and make one structurally sound column. These columns like the atoms also vary in size which gives the larger column room for perforations allowing it to play a great role in the lighting and shading of the rooms it occupies.

Keywords: Organic Growth Patterns, Light, Porosity, Branching, Column, Beam, Bundling.


03: Unite De Habitation Bundles_Redefining systems integrated structure
Project: Unite De Habitation Marseille, France // Le Corbusier
Students: Maya Annotti & Mariana Mijangos

Description: The project seeks to redefine a a series of interdependent structural and MEP components and re-imagine them as continuous, interweaving and interlocking bundles which synthesize the transference of both force and utility. Creating a less rigid and brutalist architectural expression, the new system creates opportunities for new formal and conceptual expressions within the architecture.

Keywords: bundles, structure, MEP, hybrid, all-in-one tectonics 


04: Ornamental Structure
Project / Architect: Seagram Building / Mies Van Der Rohe
Students: Bryany Burke, Georgia Came, Susan Wing

2 Sentence Description: Our project explores the function of members that make up the iconic corner detail of the Seagram Building, particularly the contradiction between structure and ornament. The pieces we are re-creating emphasize the connections that exist within the detail between these contrasting functions.

Keywords: Column, Window, I-Beam, Bundling, Multi-material, Connection, Weaving, Structure


05: The Naked Bridge
Project / Architect: Querini Stampalia Bridge/ Carlo Scarpa, Venice, Italy
Students: Keith Edwards & Jared Vallair

Description: We are re-imaging the design of the bridge based on the cellular structure of  its many materialistic components. We will redesign it as a naked bridge that removes its "skin" and represents each member of the bridge for its connective properties.

Keywords: Weave, Fiber, Cell, Structure


06: Porous Twisted Columns
Project / Architect: Hyperbolic Paraboloid / Félix Candela
Students: Timothy Suprapto and Ka Ki Yam

Description: Re-imagination of the vertical rebar inside Candela's column as the superstructure of the tower composed by hyperbolic parabolic structure.


Keywords: Column, Bundling, Multi-material, Porosity, Twist


07: LRX
Project / Architect: Pacific House / Casey Brown Architecture
Student: Zachary Fish

Description: Modelling an irregular 3 armed column supporting a cantilevered house. Algorithm converts the steel structure to a tree based structure with geometric sheathing.

keywords: tree, sheathing, growth, support

tumblr_o4zgv1LIqY1rwmeblo1_1280.jpg

09: Vaulted Distortion
Project / Architect: Restaurant Xochimilclo // Felix Candela
Students: Victoria Martinez and Marianna Munguia-Chang

Description: Using Felix Candela's famous double curved vaults, we are reimagining their structure as a two part material system; rigid space frames approximating the form and a thin fabric like drape over top that is created by intentionally misusing the 3d printer and its settings.

Keywords: vault, space frame, drape, misuse

Field Trip to UC Berkeley / Emerging Objects

On Monday 4/4/2016 at 11:45am we will visit the UC Berkeley 3d Printing Studio and Lab of Professor Ron Rael. Ron is also the co-director of Emerging Objects. Most recently their 3d printed Bloom Pavilion  received a lot of press. We will meet in the main lobby of the UC Berkeley College of Environmental Design (Google Map link is here) and walk up to the 9th floor together. Please remember to send me an email or text message if you will be late. FYI - There is paid parking close to the school along Bancroft and Durant Avenues. After visiting UC Berkeley we will visit the 2214 Gallery located at 2214 Sixth St

Links related to Emerging Objects
1. http://3dprint.com/75047/3d-printed-architecture/
2. http://www.metropolismag.com/Point-of-View/January-2016/Q-A-Architect-Virginia-San-Fratello-on-3D-Printing-an-Entire-HouseWalls-Floors-Cutlery-and-All/
3. http://www.3ders.org/articles/20131212-emerging-objects-3d-printed-a-pavilion-entirely-out-of-salt.html

The work of Emerging Objects at the 2214 Gallery in Berkeley, CA (Douglas Burnham is pictured above).

The work of Emerging Objects at the 2214 Gallery in Berkeley, CA (Douglas Burnham is pictured above).

emerging objects visit

Phase 03: Synthesis

Synthesis Phase Description

For the final phase you will work with your partner(s) to explore synthetic transformations to the modern architecture precedents that you have been studying. In light of emerging 3d printing technologies, used in conjunction with new software paradigms, how will these technologies change make architecture in the future? What are the aesthetic, social, cultural, ecological implications? What is the future of the architectural building detail, including envelopes, structures and systems, in the age of 3d printing and additive manufacturing?

  1. Collaboration: Collaborate with a partner to develop an ambitious final project that deepens and expands Phase 1+2 research and experimentation.
  2. Research Focus: Each project will take on a unique topic within the seminar (see Project Organizational Matrix below). Explore topics including: Algorithmic and Generative Architectures, Minimal Surface structures, Radiolaria, Growth patterns in organic lifeforms, Aggregate forms, Gradients, Experimental Design Interfaces, Lattice Structures, more
  3. Experiments: Produce experimental 3d printed study models / artifacts, generative drawings
  4. Final 3d Printed Project: Execute final 3d printed detail model in multiple materials using generative techniques (Grasshopper with additional plug-ins). Model size should be 24" in one direction and mounted on a matte-grey painted base or small pedestal.
  5. Documentation: Complete drawings, graphic design, illustrating the process and potential. These artifacts should fit with the graphic design conventions and templates agreed upon by the group overall.
  6. Project Description: 300 work project description
  7. Video: Submit 2 minutes of video documentation of 3d printing and time-lapse videos of the assembly process 

Schedule

3/14: Open Lab - working with partners to develop Synthesis Phase designs and artifacts.
3/28: Lecture / Workshop - Final Project Proposals Due for pinup and presentation
4/4: Field Trip: UC Berkeley 3d Printing Lab / Emerging Objects Oakland
4/11: Lecture / Workshop - 3d Printed Details Due
4/18: Lecture / Workshop - 3d Printed Details Due
4/25: Final Show, Video Prsentation and Discussion


Phase 02: Experimentation

Phase 02: Experimentation (4 wks)

During this phase we'll explore the iconic details of modern architecture in light of emerging 3d printing technologies used in conjunction with new software paradigms. The modernist era was marked by tectonic expressions ranging from the wood joints of Wright, Aalto and Schindler, to the exquisite connections of Le Corbusier and Mies, to the fluid vaults of Saarinen, Candela, Utzon and more. These pre-digital construction details – whether machine-made or hand-crafted, mass-produced or singular - reveal the spirit and practice of their time. These architects – in dialogue with craftsman, technologists and theorists – shaped their era through a deep understanding of history, their contemporary condition, and an experimental spirit.

What is the future of the architectural detail in the age of 3d printing and additive manufacturing? How might the tectonics of contemporary architecture and its systems change in light of 3d printing technologies? How will these tectonics, techniques and processes change the way architects and its allied professions design and build?      

Cloud Capsule by Arthur Mamou-Mani (link) - also see Project Silkworm

Cloud Capsule by Arthur Mamou-Mani (link) - also see Project Silkworm

ASSIGNMENT - DUE: Monday, March 7 at 12 noon:

Each week for the next 3 weeks you will explore key tectonic intersections of your chosen building using unique 3d printing techniques. The idea is to explore and experiment using a variety of machines, generative techniques, materials and other processes.
 

During this phase each of you will:

  1. Work in small groups of 2 persons max to explore work flows to translate precedent details using parametric design software and various plug-ins. 
  2. Experiment with 3d printing techniques to iterate through multiple design possibilities at 1/2" = 1'. In addition to structure, skin, floor, ceiling and apertures - you should consider integrative systems including plumbing, electrical, HVAC and other systems. 
  3. Execute multiple 3d printed details in multiple materials using generative techniques. Primary materials will be: First, PLA using the Flashforge 3d printers in the DCL;  then Photopolymer using CCA's Objet printers in the RP lab; then lastly, Plaster using CCA's ZCorp printer in the RP Lab (We need to coordinate with Keith Edwards to produce a nested file for this).
  4. Establish conceptual research agenda to structure Synthesis phase in which you will work with your partner to 3d print medium scale 1" = 1' artifacts (or larger).

Weekly Artifacts & Documentation:

  1. 3d Prints: Each week you should come to class with physical 3d printed artifacts of your explorations at 1/2" = 1' or 1"=1' scale. 
  2. 3d Models / Software Processes: For each 3d print that you have produced you should produce (2) 11x17 horizontal sheets documenting your process of translation and parametric design.
  3. 3d Printing Processes: Each week you should document your process / assembly techniques using photographs and video. These will be used during our weekly discussions and final show.

Requirements for Experimentation Phase Pin-up - Due Monday 3/7 at 12 noon

  1. Experimental Artifacts: multiple 3d Printed Artifacts printed out of Flashforge or Makerbot PLA, one Opaque or Translucent Photopolymer print using Objet, and one Plaster print using the ZCorp.
  2. Precedent Research: 3 11x17 sheets focused on research related to precedent building detail; each sheet should incude small descriptive text as necessary. One sheet can include photos/sketches from building / architect; One sheet should include color critical plan, sections from your Rhino model; One sheet should show the detail in axon and be color-coded and labelled. Please include graphic scale. 
  3. Translation: 2 11x17 sheets exploring a possible translation of precedent details; Explorations may include topics such as: structure, glass, rain screen, shade, water transmission, energy transmission, energy collection and transmission, illumination, other topics of interest. These should take the form of axons or renderings and should be graphically similar to Precedent Research. 
  4. PLA sectional artifact of Translation: rough dimension should be 4" x 4" x 4" or bigger.  

Links + Resources:

  1. The Evolving Chair Project (David Benjamin from The Living, Nagy, Olguin / Autodesk Research / Project Cyborg) Read the AD article from AD 230 edited by Mark Garcia (PDF Download)
  2. Grand Work of Fiction, Detail as Narrative - Article by Ed Ford in AD 230 edited by Mark Garcia (PDF Download)
  3. Works by Neri Oxman (MIT / Material Ecology), Madeline Gannon (CMU / Autodesk) and Lauren Vasey (ICD / Autodesk), Joris Laarman Lab,   
  4. Digital Grotto projects by Benjaim-Dillenburger (Link). See Video Below.
  5. Project Silkworm - Silkworm is a plugin that translates Grasshopper and Rhino geometry into GCode for 3d printing. Silkworm allows for the complete and intuitive manipulation of the printer GCode, enabling novel printed material properties to be specified by non-solid geometry and techniques of digital craft. (*See image above)

Structures from Nature / Vascular Bundles / Cell Structures

Morphology, Translation, Material Experimentation 

Phase 01: Research

Phase 01: Research

1. Learn to use a range of 3d printing software, machines and processes.
2. Identify modern architectural precedent details to explore
3. Execute simple 3d printed details in multiple materials
4. Complete a survey of technologies past, present, future

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Part 1. Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer

During class we will do a hands-on 3d printing software and hardware demo. Most of the info we will cover today can be found on the Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer Wiki.

Homework 1

Complete the tutorials that are linked on the Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer Wiki called Tutorial: Grasshopper > Rhino > Makerware Meshes

You should change / alter / hack the design so that you are doing something unique. Please come to the 2/15 class with a small 3d printed model 2” x 2” x 2” tall PLA or ABS.

Materials: Please purchase 2 roles of filament – White PLA (see below)

http://www.ebay.com/itm/261464565916?var=560345036223&ssPageName=STRK:MEWNX:IT&_trksid=p3984.m1497.l2649

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Part 2. Architectural Precedent Details

Homework 2

Based on the criteria outlined in class on 2/1 choose 3-4 possible seminal details to explore by one of these architects. Develop a simple Rhino model of each detail. Please come to the 2/15 class with a small 3d printed model 2” x 2” x 2” tall PLA.

This is a partial list - please feel free to suggest others: Frank Lloyd Wright, Alvar Aalto, Rudolf Schindler, Le Corbusier, Carlos Scarpa, Mies Van Der Rohe, Eero Saarinen, Feliz Candela, Jorn Utzon

2016 Syllabus > 3d Printing & Additive Manufacturing in Architecture

The seminar will explore the theoretical and technical implications of 3d Printing and Additive Manufacturing in the world of architecture, design and digital craft. Special emphasis will be placed on exploring speculative techniques related to design and computation, emerging computer-aided-manufacturing techniques and material explorations. We will explore a variety of applications and scales ranging from wearable architectures, furniture, buildings and landscapes.

We’ll re-consider the iconic details of modern architecture in light of emerging 3d printing technologies used in conjunction with new software paradigms. The modernist era was marked by tectonic expressions ranging from the wood joints of Wright, Aalto and Schindler, to the exquisite connections of Le Corbusier and Mies, to the fluid vaults of Saarinen, Candela, Utzon and more. These pre-digital construction details – whether machine-made or hand-crafted, mass-produced or singular - reveal the spirit and practice of their time. These architects – in dialogue with craftsman, technologists and theorists – shaped their era through a deep understanding of history, their contemporary condition, and an experimental spirit.

Similarly – what are the new possibilities opened up by 3d printing? How will these technologies change how we think, theorize and make architecture in the future? What are the aesthetic, social, cultural, ecological implications? What is the future of the architectural detail in the age of 3d printing and additive manufacturing?

Download the syllabus here.
 

“The joint, that is the fertile detail, is the place where both the construction and the construing of architecture takes place.”  
- Marco Frascari, “The Tell-the-Tale Detail”
“Workmanship engaged us with both functional and aesthetic qualities. It conveys a specific relation between form and content, such that the form realizes the content, in a manner that is enriched by the idiosyncrasies of the medium.”
– Malcolm McCullough, “Abstracting Craft: The Practiced Digital Hand”

“I think the combination of robotic construction and 3D printing is the future of the building industry. It gives the architect more freedom to invent. The ideas that right now are killed, by the argument that it costs too much or it takes too long, will be not killed anymore.”
–Architect Wolf Prix, Coop Himmelb(l)au

The seminar will be organized into three distinct phases:

Phase 01: Research (4 wks)
- learn to use a range of 3d printing software, machines, processes
- complete a survey of technologies past, present, future
- identify modern architectural precedent details to explore
- execute simple 3d printed details in multiple materials

Phase 02: Experimentation (4 wks)
- explore work flows to translate precedent details
- invent and iterate through multiple design possibilities
- establish research agenda to structure Synthesis phase
- execute multiple 3d printed details in multiple materials using generative techniques

Phase 03: Synthesis (4 wks)
- work with a partner to develop an ambitious final project that deepens and expands Phase 1+2 research and experimentation.
- execute 3d printed artifacts and drawings for final seminar exhibition
- execute final 3d printed detail model in multiple materials using generative techniques, and complete drawings and text illustrating the process and potential


Software

Focus: Algorithmic and Generative Architectures, Minimal Surface structures, Radiolaria, Growth patterns in organic lifeforms, Aggregate forms, Gradients, Experimental Design Interfaces, Lattice Structures, more

Grasshopper3d + Grasshopper Primer: http://grasshopperprimer.com/en/index.html
Project Silkworm for Grasshopper: http://projectsilkworm.com/
Project Monolith for Grasshopper: http://www.monolith.zone/examples/
Meshmixer by Autodesk Research: http://meshmixer.com/
Makerbot Desktop: http://www.makerbot.com/desktop
Replicator G Open Source: http://replicat.org/

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Hardware

Focus:
Machine Processes, Open Source Machines, Hacking, Deposition, more

Flashforge Creator Pro 3d Printer: http://www.flashforge-usa.com/creator-pro/
(You will have access to two of these printers in the Digital Craft Lab)

Makerbot Replicator Mini: http://www.makerbot.com/
(You will have access to four of these printers in the Digital Craft Lab)

Linear Ram Extruder: http://www.deltabots.com/products/3d-clay-extruder
(You will have access to this clay extruder to be used in conjunction with DCL Gantry)

Rapid Prototyping Studio 3d Printing Resources:
https://www.cca.edu/about/administration/studio-resources/rps
(You can submit file to be printed on CCA’s ZCorp and Objet 3d Printers)

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Materiality

Focus: Material Science, Phase Transitions, transformations, multi-materiality opportunities, Scale, Strength to Weight, Sustainability, Fiber, more

Plastics, Polymers, Clay, Concrete, Metal, Wood, Glass, Carbon Fiber

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Misc Resources

Focus: New Business Models, File Sharing, Intellectual Property, Mass Customization, more

3d Object Repository: http://www.thingiverse.com/
Commercial 3d Printing – fast and cheap: http://www.shapeways.com/
Commercial 3d Printing – fast and cheap: https://www.ponoko.com/

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Grading and Attendance:

You will primarily be graded on the level and quality of your participation in studio activities including discussions, workshops and field trips. You will be asked to complete weekly assignments and participate in all informal pinups and formal reviews. The assessment of letter grades will be calculated as follows:

(25%) Class Discussions, Participation, Attitude
(25%) Midterm Progress
(50%) Final Project and Presentation; final documentation submission

Definition of Grades: A = outstanding achievement—significantly exceed standards; B = commendable achievement—exceeds standards; C+ = minimum acceptable achievement—meets standards; C or D = below standards; F = failing

Strict Attendance Policy: All scheduled class meetings are mandatory. If you miss more than two seminar sessions you will be given the letter grade F without exception. Nevertheless, if you are going to be late, or need to miss a session due to illness or misfortune, simply contact me!


Readings + Other Materials

Weekly readings in PDF format will be shared with you using Google Drive. A reading will be assigned to you each week. 

Recommended Book: Printing Things: Visions and Essentials for 3d Printing (co-edited by Dries Ver Bruggen and Claire Warnier, Gestalten Press, 2014) 

Materials: Please purchase 2 roles of filament – White PLA and Black ABS. I recommend ordering from this local supplier > LINK.